Simply stated, there will be a Day when God will resurrect and gather the first and the last of His creation and judge everyone justly. People will enter their final abode, Hell or Paradise.
(A) Belief in Events Of The Grave
Muslims believe that after a person dies, the second, intermediate phase of life begins. Many events will take place in this new “world.”
One of the first events is the “trial” of the grave - everyone will be questioned by angels about their religion, prophet, and Lord.
Second, a Muslim should also believe in the punishment and the bliss of the grave. Basically a Muslim must believe in the details of the events that will take place in the grave as they have come in the Quran and Sunnah.
(B) Events of the Day of Judgment
After the duration of this earth is over, God will command a great angel named Israfeel to blow the Trumpet. At the first blowing, all the inhabitants of the heavens and the earth will fall unconscious, except those spared by God. The earth will be flattened and the mountains turned into dust.
The skies will rain for forty days, people will be resurrected into their original bodies from their graves, thereby entering the third and final phase of life.
Israfeel will blow the Trumpet for the second time upon which people will rise up from their graves, alive. The disbelievers and the hypocrites will be caught by surprise and regret, whereas the believers will find it exactly as they were told.
Hashr. The first one to be dressed on that Day will be Abraham. At the Great Plain of Gathering, a re-created sun will shine close to their heads, and they will sweat according to their deeds. Some people will be sheltered under the shade of God’s Magnificent Throne.
When the conditions will become unbearable, people will request God to allow the Prophets and the Messengers to intercede on their behalf to save them from distress. All prophets will excuse themselves, until Prophet Muhammad will be allowed to intercede and thus Judgment will begin.
The balances will be set and the deeds of men will be weighed. These balances will be real. God will give the deeds of His creatures a material existence with weight. Good deeds will be placed in one pan and the evil deeds will be placed in the other, as God has informed in the Quran.
Disclosure of the Records of the deeds performed in this life will follow. The person who will receive his record in his right hand will have an easy reckoning. He will happily go back to his family. However, the person who will receive his record in his left hand would wish he were dead as he will be thrown into the Fire. He will be full of regrets as will wish that he were not handed his Record or that he had not known it.
Then God will judge His creation. They will be reminded and informed of their good and evil deeds. The faithful will acknowledge their sins and be forgiven. The disbelievers will have no good deeds to declare because an unbeliever is rewarded for his good deeds in this life. Some scholars are of the opinion that the punishment of an unbeliever may be reduced in lieu of his good deeds, except the punishment of the great sin of disbelief.
The Prophet’s Pond
Every prophet will have a pond, but the Pond of our Prophet will be the largest, sweetest, and with the largest number of visitors. Its water will be sweeter than honey and whiter than milk; its utensils will be as numerous as the stars; and anyone who quenches his thirst once from it will never thirst again.
Siraat is a real bridge that will be established over Hell extending between Paradise and the Fire. Anyone who is steadfast on God’s religion in this life will find it easy to pass it. It will be thinner than a hair and sharper than a sword! People will pass over it as fast as the blinking of an eye, lightening, wind, fast moving horses, running camels, or at a normal walking pace. Some will barely crawl over it. They will be grabbed by iron hooks and thrust into the Fire. The one who crosses the Siraat will get into Paradise.
Those who cross it will be assembled at a place between Paradise and Hell. They will get their mutual debts settled and then allowed to enter Paradise.
(C) Intercession Granted To the Prophets & the Righteous
God has clearly explained proper intercession:
a) He has to allow it, and
b) It will be allowed only to those He will be pleased with.
Types of Intercession
Three forms of intercession are special for the Prophet:
1) The Prophet will make the first intercession, called the Greatest Intercession, at the Great Plain of Gathering to get the Judgment started.
2) The second will be to gain permission for the people of Paradise to enter it.
3) He will be allowed to intercede on behalf of some pagans to get their punishment reduced in Hell.
4) The last type of intercession will be for those who deserve to be in Hell. The Prophet will share this intercession with other Prophets and some pious believers. This intercession will be for:
(i) Those who will never enter Hell although they deserved it, and
(ii) Those who will enter Hell, but will be taken out of it.
Finally, the Most Merciful Lord will take some people out of Hell Fire by His infinite Bounty.
After everyone has entered Paradise, there will still be some place left in it. God will create a special creation and enter them into Paradise.
(D) Paradise & Hell
Both will be discussed in some detail below.