The disbelievers regarded it as incredible that Allah would send a human messenger. This delusion originated from their inability to appreciate their worth as human beings, and the honor that Allah has conferred upon humankind over His other creatures.
The shallow criteria, such as power and wealth, by which the Quraish judged people barred them from the truth. Had the Qur’an been sent down to one of the chiefs of Quraish, perhaps they might have believed in it.
The disbelievers of Quraish tried to implant doubt in the heart of the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) and his followers by denying his prophethood altogether. They claimed that he (pbuh) was neither a prophet nor a messenger.
The Mushrikin, with vague and vain arguments designed to overthrow the truth and a stubborn refusal to see it, claimed: (Nothing did Allah send down to any human being.) Although close to them in the Arabian Peninsula lived People of Scripture, the Jews, whom they acknowledged to be followers of a Divine Book, the Torah.
After dying and becoming dust, shall we then be resurrected?
The disbelievers shut their ears against all guidance and hinged their belief in the Prophet (pbuh) on a material miracle.
The disbelievers tried to bargain with the Prophet (pbuh), saying: “O Muhammad! Come, let us worship what you worship and you worship what we worship so that you and we share the matter. If what you worship is better than what we worship, we will take a share of it. And if what we worship is better than what you worship, you will take a share of it.”
The disbelievers tried to tempt the Prophet (pbuh) with worldly riches, power, and sovereignty, laying them under his feet, hoping that this might dissuade him from calling people to Islam and worshiping Allah alone, with undivided allegiance.
Shall we believe in you while you are followed by the lowest of people?
Never will we show belief until we have a share of your prophethood.
Malicious attitudes and hateful looks angrily pursued the Prophet of Islam(pbuh), almost influencing his steps and causing him to slip and lose his balance and firmness on the earth.
Accepting a god other than one’s Maker creates servility in the soul and produces oppression. The souls of the Quraishi chiefs clung to worldly life, tightly shackled by a love of supremacy and the pleasures derived from it, and by a refusal to be molded by the principles of ‘Right and Wrong’, ‘Halal (Lawful) and Haram (Forbidden)’, ‘Do and Do not do’.