You are not more difficult to see than a black ant, scampering over a black rock, under the cover of the darkest of moonless nights.
Islam does not pass off all calamites as ‘trials,' but differentiates between punishments and trials. Trials are tests of character and faith; punishments are consequences of sins and transgressions.
In Islam, one of God’s most emphasized attributes is mercy. All the chapters of the Qur’an except one begin with the statement “In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate,” known as the Basmallah. The Basmallah is also the common statement that Muslims should recite before doing any action. It thus ingrains in them the confidence that God’s ultimate design for creation is one of care and mercy.
The Problem of Evil: The Differing Perspectives of Islam and Atheism.
Fyodor Dostoyevsky succinctly captures the moral consequences of a godless view of the world as follows: “If you were to destroy in mankind the belief in immortality, not only love but every living force maintaining the life of the world would at once be dried up. Moreover, nothing then would be immoral, everything would be lawful, even cannibalism.”
Who Is to Say What Is Right or Wrong?
The entire concept of morality stems from the Islamic belief that humans are significant, that their behavior and actions will count and that the pattern of this entire universe is purposeful and balanced. Humankind is not a ship without a compass in the midst of a great storm, but is secured with a set of unchangeable norms for all possible moral situations.
Personalities are like metals. They need to be further refined into purer forms and fashioned into useful shapes.
All humans, men and women, are descended from one soul: Adam (peace be upon him). From Adam, God created his wife, Eve (peace be upon her), and from them both He created the rest of the human race, which make all human beings equally valuable in His Sight, equally subject to His Sovereignty, equally deserving of His Grace, and equally accountable to Him for their deeds.
The Primordial Nature of All Human Beings.
Volition, emotion, and intellect are not free and rational, but entirely chemical.
Free Will and Moral responsibility