Modern Science has discovered that in the places where two different seas meet, there is a barrier between them. This barrier divides the two seas so that each sea has its own temperature, salinity, and density.1 For example, Mediterranean sea water is warm, saline, and less dense, compared to Atlantic ocean water. When Mediterranean sea water enters the Atlantic over the Gibraltar sill, it moves several hundred kilometers into the Atlantic at a depth of about 1000 meters with its own warm, saline, and less dense characteristics. The Mediterranean water stabilizes at this depth 2 (see figure 13).
Figure 13: The Mediterranean sea water as it enters the Atlantic over the Gibraltar sill with its own warm, saline, and less dense characteristics, because of the barrier that distinguishes between them. Temperatures are in degrees Celsius (C°). (Marine Geology, Kuenen, p. 43, with a slight enhancement.)
Although there are large waves, strong currents, and tides in these seas, they do not mix or transgress this barrier.
TheQuran mentioned that there is a barrier between two seas that meet and that they do not transgress.
God has said
He has set free the two seas meeting together. There is a barrier between them. They do not transgress
But when thespeaks about the divider between fresh and salt water, it mentions the existence of “a forbidding partition” with the barrier.
God has said in the
He is the one who has set free the two kinds of water, one sweet and palatable, and the other salty and bitter. And He has made between them a barrier and a forbidding partition
One may ask, why did thethe partition when speaking about the divider between fresh and salt water, but did not mention it when speaking about the divider between the two seas?
Figure 14: Longitudinal section showing salinity (parts per thousand ‰) in an estuary. We can see here the partition (zone of separation) between the fresh and the salt water. (Introductory Oceanography, Thurman, p. 301, with a slight enhancement.)
This information has been discovered only recently, using advanced equipment to measure temperature, salinity, density, oxygen dissolubility, etc. The human eye cannot see the difference between the two seas that meet, rather the two seas appear to us as one homogeneous sea. Likewise, the human eye cannot see the division of water in estuaries into the three kinds: fresh water, salt water, and the partition (zone of separation).
- Principles of Oceanography, Davis, pp. 92-93. Back from footnote
- Principles of Oceanography, Davis, p. 93. Back from footnote
- Oceanography, Gross, p. 242. Also see Introductory Oceanography, Thurman, pp. 300-301. Back from footnote
- Oceanography, Gross, p. 244, and Introductory Oceanography, Thurman, pp. 300-301. Back from footnote