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Abu Huraira, may Allah be pleased with him, reported Allah's Messenger, may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, said:
Allah the Exalted and Majestic said: Every act of the son of Adam is for him, except fasting. It is (exclusively) meant for Me and I (alone) will reward it. Fasting is a shield. When any one of you is fasting on a day, he should neither indulge in obscene talk, nor raise his voice, yet, if anyone reviles him or tries to quarrel with him he should say: I am a fasting person. By Him, in Whose Hand is the life of Muhammad, the breath of the fasting person is dearer to Allah on the Day of judgment than the fragrance of musk. The one who fasts has two (occasions) of joy, one when he breaks his fasting; he is glad with the breaking of (the fast) and one when he meets his Lord he is glad with his fast.
This is a Qudsi Hadeeth, narrated by the Prophet, may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, from his Lord the Almighty
This unique degree is reflected in the respect the believer finds in his heart when he knows that the Prophet, may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, attributed it to his Lord the Almighty.
Allah the Exalted has attributed the fast to himself, he said: " Every act of the son of Adam is for him, except fasting. It is (exclusively) meant for Me and I (alone) will reward it."
from this phrase a question arises;
Why did Allah attribute fasting to himself whereas he attributed the rest of the acts of worship to the Son of Adam, even though the fast is one of his deeds, is what is meant by the deeds all the good and bad deeds or the good deeds only? What is the benefit of attributing fasting to Allah? Why did Allah say I (alone) will reward it, whereas he rewards for all good deeds? Etc. in addition to the other questions going on in the Muslim mind.
The answer to this complex question from several thoughts suggested by reflection and consideration is summarized as follows:
1 – what is meant by the deeds of the son of Adam in the Hadeeth is his good deeds for Allah excluded the fasting from it, is a good deed excluded from the good deeds.
2 - The meaning of It is written to him with Allah as good ten times and many folds, as stated by the Hadeeth narrated by Muslim in his Saheeh from Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him, who said: The Messenger of Allah, may the peace and blessings be upon him "All the deeds of the son of Adam are multiplied ten good times to seven hundred times, Allah the Almighty said except fasting, it is for me and I reward for it; he abandons his sexual desire and food for my sake.
3 –Allah attributed fasting to himself: (It was said that it is a work that this deed may not be affected with showing off unlike the other acts of worship, if the Muslim abandons his sexual desire, food and drink from the dawn till the sunset of with the intention of worshiping Allah, he is sincere to Allah Almighty, since he can eat, drink and fulfill his desire in secret - if he wants - and pretends to be fasting, therefore if he did not do so, that it is a proof that his fasting was free of showing off.
4 - His saying: "I will reward for it." Expresses the abundance of reward and its greatness;
The metaphorical images included in this expression not hidden all of which confirm the fact that fasting is the most honorable act of worship if the fasting person is sincere to Allah, and refrained from all the major and minor that Allah forbade.